September 13th – One day boat trip to the Danube Delta
Tulcea – Suline Arm – Maliuc – Gorgova – Crişan – Dunărea Veche Chanel – Mila 23 village – Olguţa Channel – Fortuna Lake – Şontea Chanel – Băclăneşti Lake – Nebunu Lake (strictly protected area) — Mila 23 – Tulcea (estimated arrival time: 18:00)
Danube Delta (together with the Razim-Sinoe Lacustrine Complex) is known to be one of the largest wetlands in Europe, famous for its original landscapes, morphology, hydrography and fauna. Due to the harmonious interaction between man and wildlife, Danube Delta won the Biosphere Reserve status in 1990 and included on the UNESCO’s Heritage List and, in 1991, on the List of Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. More than 90% of its surface is covered by lakes, ponds and swamps with reed and club rush. Danube Delta provides nesting place or passage for over 325 bird species, some of them of European or global interest (e.g. Pelecanus onocrotalus, Tadorna tadorna, Egretta alba, E. garzetta, Cygnus olor). A characteristic feature of the Danube Delta is the alternation of populated areas and unpopulated areas. The settlement systems, developed in-between the Delta arms, consists of one town (Sulina), and 7 LAU 2, totaling 23 settlements. The economic activities are mainly related to fishing, animal breeding (sheep and cattle), navigation and tourism. The area’s tourist potential resides in its natural diversity. The Danube Delta has a multi-ethnic structure, alongside the Romanians, several nationalities live and cohabit together (e.g. Lipovan Russians, Ukrainians, Turkish-Tatar).
September 14th – Field trip to Dobrogea Region and Black Sea Coast
Tulcea – Măcin – Babadag – Jurilovca – Constaţa – Bucharest (estimated arrival time: 20:00)
Dobrogea Region is a very attractive region which incorporates the oldest (Caledonian – Central-Dobrogea Plateau and Hercynian mountains – Măcin Mountains) and the newest Romanian territory (Danube Delta). It shelters a combination of Pontic, steppe and well-preserved Submediterranean and Balkan forest ecosystems (Luncaviţa beech forest is a tertiary relict), as well as endemic and protected species (e.g. Vipera ammodytes, Testudo graeca ibera). It hosts two major protected areas in Romania: Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve and Măcin Mountains National Park. It is renowned for its varied landscapes which include Hercynian mountains, karst forms, mesophyllous – thermophilous forests, xerothermophilous bushes, agricultural areas, traditional villages and houses, cities dating back to the Greek or Byzantine periods etc. In the east, starches the Romanian Black Sea Coast (245 km). Dobrogea has a diverse ethnic structure which includes, alongside the Romanians, Ukrainians, Lipovan Russians, Turkish, Tartar, Jewish, Greek, Armenians, Germans etc. The largest city of the region is Constanţa, the fifth largest in Romania with a population of 470,961 inhabitants (2011 census). It is also the biggest port at the Black Sea and the fourth in Europe. The continuous expansion of the city over the surrounding territories favored the development of a functional metropolitan area stretching north-south along the Black Sea coast.
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